20th Century Populism

In following of the Mexican Revolution’s 1917 Constitution, Lazaro Cardenas began the country’s move towards populism. Wealth was rising along with stability as he reviewed and continued the plans of Emiliano Zapata and Francisco “Pancho” Villa. He helped conduct reforms for land sharing, the control of domestic enterprises that included oil and also shutting down other foreign companies and their ownership of Mexican enterprises. He also aimed to divert the Catholic Church’s influence as well as allowing workers to have the right to form a union. He obtained the support from many indigenous groups, unions of teachers as well as middle and lower class workers. He put importance on social equality.

Cardenas stuck by his revolutionary background as he was apart of maintaining his people’s rights.

Through his land reform, he redistributed large amounts of land,that had become commercial hot spots, back to the peasants. This gained the important support from them so he could continue his presidency.  He also had a labor reform for industrial work. This fixed work eight hour days and the right to basically strike if needed. To finalize his need for support, he reached out to the indigenous communities. During the 20th century, there was still the “need” of assimilation for the indigenous groups that were still left. However, Lazaro Cardenas saw that their cultures had some sort of value and created a department to handle problem of just indigenous peoples. This department held national indigenous congresses that brought together different indigenous groups to discuss the issues going on in their communities. Gaining their support sealed the deal to his presidency. He was also know for being in support of women’s rights and suffrage since there was a strong idea of social equality although it was never fully achieved.

As with the rest of the populist leaders in Latin America, he had the charisma and power needed to make a change and gain abundance of followers.




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